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DNS.PT: 25 Years

History

Read about the events that shaped the Internet in Portugal by hovering the mouse over the timeline.

Timeline / linha de tempo, 1988-2013

1988

Delegation .PT

In 1988 the IANA (Internet Assigned Names Authority) responsible worldwide for the global coordination of DNS (Domains Name System), IP addressing and other protocols assignment delegates the management of the .PT.

1989

The expansion of linked computer worldwide

The number of computers goes over the 100 million units world wise and there were 105 networks across the world, several of them had particular "e-mail" addressing forms.

1990

Creation of the RCCN (National Network of the Scientific Community)

Around 1990 university teachers and researchers combined their efforts with FCCN, to create a network that would make available, along the country, the computational resources.

The FCCN network increased thus its scope and was designated RCCN (National Network of the Scientific Community). Since 1990 and as a result of the joint technical efforts the IP Forum and the implementation the network by FCCN, the national research and higher education community has contributed to create the Portuguese Internet.

Creation of the HTTP Protocol and the WWW

In 1990 was born at CERN - Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research), the HTTP protocol and the first webserver, this technology is still in use on the internet.

It was installed the server to manage the .PT

In this year was installed, at the premises FCCN, the first server to manage the .PT domain.

1991

First Domain name registration

With the installing of the first server to manage the ccTLD .PT, the first Portuguese domain was registered: dns.pt

1992

The ISOC was created

In this year ISOC - Internet Society is born, created by around 400 persons related to the Internet, whose initial purpose was to promote the use of the Internet. Currently it has about 55000 members, 90 chapters and 130 associated organizations, with the mission to promote and develop the open use of the Internet for the benefit of the world population.

It holds forums to discuss technical and operational issues in order to provide mechanisms, by which anyone interested, can be informed about the function, use and operation of the Internet.

1993

Web open to the world

In 1993 the CERN (Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire) announced its decision not to patent or reclaim its authorship rights regarding the web technology, making the HTTP a free protocol, and thus any person can use it for free.

1994

The registration under .PT grows

This year several entities, which names are most recognized by the Portuguese public, registered their domains, namely: telepac.pt, ul.pt (Lisbon University), siemens.pt, priberam.pt, adi.pt (Innovation Agency). The first registration of the year was it.pt for the Telecommunications Institute.

Yahoo

In 1994 one of the better known webpage is created, Yahoo. Yahoo registered its domain under .PT in the year 2001.

1995

SAPO

SAPO was created in 1995 at Aveiro University, by six members of the IT department of the University. The name appeared from the services acronym, S.A.P. (Servidor de Apontadores Portugueses - Portuguese Pointers Server), which is very similar to the Portuguese word SAPO (frog).

1996

First Regulation for the .PT registration with legal deposit number n.º 101422/96

Thus far the regulations for .PT domains were mainly technical.

In 1996 it is made the first main change in the regulation for .PT registration, with the purpose of following the best international practices.

1997

Registration of the preparatory and secondary schools under rcts.pt

In 1997 all schools in the country had a webpage in the Internet with its respective domain name registered under rcts.pt.

1998

ICANN

In 1998 ICANN - Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers was created, a not-for-profit international organization, responsible for distributing IP addresses, for the designation and identification of protocols, for the control of the domain name system at the first level, with generic code (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) and with central administration functions of the network servers.

ICANN dedicates itself to maintaining the operational stability of the Internet, promoting the competition, obtaining a diverse representation of the global communities congregated in the Internet and developing and adequate policy to its mission, with consensual procedures, implemented via a bottom-up policy.

Google appears

In 1998 we see the birth of the best known and most used search engine, Google.

It all began in a PhD work developed by two students Larry Page and Sergey Brin, of the Stanford University, in California, EUA.

CENTR

In this year CENTR, Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries was founded and organization representative of all European country code top level domains.

1999

Update to the regulation for .PT registration

In 1999 a new update is made to the registration regulation, being established a name attribution policy, besides the technical requisites.

It is also formally expressed the creation of the Advisory Council of the DNS.PT that has as a main mission, the counseling on the matter relating to the management of the Internet name space in Portugal.

2000

An on-line information system is implemented

In 2000, considering that the registration and procedures were not yet clearly defined, a new and specific information system was developed for domain registration and commercial management of the business.

Procedures are created, «harmonized with the regulation in use. For the first time the delegation is made automatically, ceasing to be a manual procedure.

DNS.PT technical evaluator

In 2000 was provided tho the users the first technical evaluator.

See how it looked like here.

2001

Registrar figure

The Registrar (agent of registration) figure of the DNS.PT was created in 2001. These, are entities that specialize in the registration and management of domain names and are accredited by FCCN.

The first 3 registration agents were: VIA NET.WORKS Portugal; TELEPAC II Comunicações Interativas SA; ONI SOLUTIONS - Infocomunicações SA.

The mission of these agents is to simplify the registration process and/or to obtain a complete service that includes hosting and e-mail accounts.

You can see the current DNS.PT Registrar list at: www.dns.pt/registrars-list/en.

CallCenter

In 2001 the DNS.PT service made available to its clients a support line at a specialized Call Center, thus promoting a better contact with clients, considering the significant increase of users interacting with the service.

Up to today the blue line (local call in Portugal) is still in use: 808 20 10 39 ( you can contact us from abroad using +351 21 313 57 37).

Classifying domains are created

In this year several classifiers are created under .PT, in order to facilitate and accommodate the registrations by activity and target public.

These are the classifiers created : .org.pt, .publ.pt, .gov.pt, .net.pt, .nome.pt, .int.pt, .edu.pt, .com.pt (this last one without restrictions to registration, making more flexible the access to a domain name registration, which came to pass, this classifier became first choice after the registration directly under .pt).

2002

Internet Boom in Portugal with use of ADSL technology

In 2002 the ADSL technology arrives to the Portuguese Internet users, allowing for a faster access.

2003

IPv6

In 2003 the DNS.PT makes available the use of the IPv6 protocol in the name servers used for domain delegation.

On-line registration launch the .com.pt classifier

In 2003, 2 years after the creation of classifying domains, .com.pt became the first classifier with registration totally on-line.

The user just had to access the page (archive version) and fill the on-line form.

2004

First Root Server copy in Portugal

In 2004 work was developed by Internet Software Consortium to install in Portugal a copy of an F-Root Server.

This installation allowed for faster access to Internet web pages increasing the quality of service.

Created a new DNS.PT Image

In 2004 the DNS.PT gains and individual image, a new image is created and a webpage is launched.

Facebook launch

In 2004 it appear one of the most recognizable social networks, Facebook.

In 2012 it reached the impressive number of 1000 million users, making it extremelly popular.

We invite you to follow DNS.PT service on Facebook.

2005

IDN

In 2005 the DNS.PT introduced IDN (Internationalized Domain Names) that allows to form domain names with the characters of any existing language. In the portuguese case the character accepted are those of the portuguese language (á, à, ã, â, é, í, ó, ú, ç).

On the spot firm

In 2005 , under the scope of the ministry of justice project " on the spot firm", the DNS .PT creates automatically the corresponding domain in the date of the company constitution.

With the constitution of a "on the spot firm", this has also "on the spot" its domain registration with the offer of the first year fees.

2006

The DNS The Probes Project begins

Since the end of 2006 it is possible to monitor in realtime the activity of the DNS servers responsible for the correct operation of the .PT TLD, funcioning in portuguese territory.

This project tries to assure 3 vectors: colletion of statistical aninym information, guarantee the correct operation of services, the security in face of intrusion or DOS attacks.

Registration of domain names exclusively on-line

In 2006, with the positive experience of the totally on-line registration of the .com.pt classifier and in order to simplify and speed up the registration in the other classifiers as well as directly under .PT, it was promoted the on-line registration exclusively on-line, after the 1st of march 2006, for all accredited registrars, and by the general public, at www.dns.pt.

2007

ICANN Lisbon

It took place at Lisbon the 28th ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) international meeting.

ISO 9001

In 2007 the activity developed through the years was reinforced in order to improve the Quality of Service, culminating with the attribution of certification with the norm reference NP EN ISO 9001:2000.

Electronic invoicing

In this year it was introduced the electronic invoicing with the main objective to facilitate the invoicing procedures and make easy the access by the user to the emitted documents.

2008

On the spot association and branch office

In 2008, with the projects "On The Spot Association" and "On The Spot Branch Office" by the portuguese Ministry of Justice, as with the 2005 project "On The Spot Firm", DNS.PT start to handle the automatic creation of domain names, when the associations and branch offices are created, offering the first yearly fee.

Arbitrare

Established in 2008 the Centro de Arbitragem Institucionalizada, for conflict resolution, regarding: industrial property, domain names, firms and company designations.

With an online system of conflict resolution, possibility to use indistinguishably Portuguese and English, this center - ARBITRARE, emerges as the most advanced and technologically endowed in this area of intervention.

Although it has facilities, this center namely in what concerns domain names disputes, it will allow to solve all issues that are now subject to the law courts, through mediation or arbitration, totally online.

2009

EPP protocol Implemented

In 2009 it was implemented the Registry-Registrar Protocol, a standardization of communication service, between Registrars and the Registry of this top level domain (currently FCCN), whose goal is to automate the entire process of registration and management of domains managed by these entities.

Integrated search of trademarks and domain names

The DNS.PT in partnership with the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) provides a free online tool for integrated search of trademarks and .PT domain names, using just a search interface, the existence of trademarks and domain names can be checked, directly and simultaneously, at the databases of national registration of trademarks and the database of domain registration DNS. PT.

2010

DNSSEC

DNSSEC is an international standard of security extensions, which adds mechanisms to guarantee the origin and integrity of DNS data technology.

DNSSEC ensures a safer name resolution system, reducing the risk of data manipulation.

Installed in Portugal replicas of type J root servers

In 2010 was a second replica of a Root Server (of the type J-Root server), which increasing the resilience of the network.

2011

New Information and Administrative Management System

The new DNS.PT information system and new on-line site that supports in an integrated way the registration and management under the ccTLD .PT, became in production.

ENUM

Following the agreement signed on 24 January 2011, between ANACOM and the Foundation for National Scientific Computing (FCCN), it has been reported to the Director of the ITU-T TSB the decision to appoint FCCN as Tier 1 Registry of the domain 1.5.3.e164.arpa corresponding to the ccTLD (Country Code Top Level Domain) for the Portuguese U-ENUM.

2012

Liberalization of the .PT domain

The liberalization of domain name registration under the ccTLD.PT, occurred in May 2012, representing a milestone in DNS.PT, it became possible to register .PT names by any interested party without requiring the existence of rights previously constituted.

Monitoring mechanisms were implemented in order to avoid the speculative and abusive registration of names.

Installed in Portugal replicas of type L root servers

In 2012 it was installed a 3rd copy of a root server, increasing the resiliency of the domains namespace.

The DNS .PT is launched in Facebook

This year the DNS.PT entered the social networks by creating its facebook page, promoting useful information about the DNS.PT, about domain names in general and Internet curiosities, promoting their initiatives through news and statistics.

2013

Contest for the 25 year .PT commemorative logo

In the beginning of the year the winner of the Contest for the 25 year .PT commemorative logo was announced, Flávia Pedrosa Reis, that comes from Santa Maria da Feira.

CENTR Lisbon

The 49th CENTR meeting took place in Lisbon with the participation of about 35 Registries.

.PT 100% accessible by IPv6

The Portuguese top level domain .PT has all its root servers available by IPv6, making it completely compatible with this technology.

These servers are in diverse geographic locations, enabling a global coverage serving the .PT community of users worldwide.

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